what are vitamins and how they benificial for us?

Every day your body builds skin, bones and muscles. Lack of nutrients in the body is harmful for your body. But the reading arises that why does the body need these nutrients? But everybody needs different vitamins. Some people need more vitamins and minerals, while some need less.

Do you know what vitamins are?

Your body can get these nutrients naturally from foods. Vitamin C and all B vitamins are water-soluble vitamins.

Recognized vitamins that are essential for your body are:

Vitamin A

Chemical name: retinol, retinal and “four carotenoids” including beta carotene. It is a fat soluble vitamin. This vitamin is commonly found in green leafy vegetables (kale, spinach), orange, tomato, red bell pepper, milk, beef liver, fortified foods, etc. Vitamin A is very useful for the eyes. It proves to be beneficial for healthy eyes.

Its deficiency in the body can night blindness and keratomalacia. The result of this is that your eyesight gets reduced. This makes the morning in front of you dry and cloudy. Apple is also a good source of vitamin A.

Vitamin B1

Chemical name: Thiamine. Vitamin B1 is soluble in water. It helps in preventing different types of blood sugar. It is also necessary for the production of enzymes. Deficiency of Vitamin B1 leads to Beri Beri disease. The best sources of vitamin B1 are yeast, sunflower seeds, pork, whole grains, brown rice, etc.

Vitamin B2

Chemical Name: Riboflavin. Vitamin B2 is water-soluble. It is essential for the growth and development of cells in the body. and helps your body metabolize it. Its symptoms include swollen lips and cracks in the mouth. Vitamin B2 is found in abundance in banana, khurma, okra, chard, cheese, milk, meat, eggs, fish, etc.

Vitamin B6

Chemical Names: Pyridoxine, Pyridoxine, Pyridoxine. This vitamin is water-soluble. This vitamin is necessary for the formation of blood cells. Its deficiency causes a disease called anemia. Its deficiency in the body is filled with chickpeas, beef liver, banana scraps and nuts etc.

Vitamin B5

Chemical Name: Pantothenic Acid. It dissolves well in water. It is needed for energy and hormone production. Avocados, meats, whole grains, broccoli and yogurt are included for this vitamin.

Vitamin B3

Chemical Name: Niacin, Niacinamide. It is soluble in water. The body needs niacin for proper cell growth and function. Its deficiency causes a disease called pellagra. Diarrhea, changes in bowel, changes in skin etc. are caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B2.

Vitamin B5

Chemical Name: Panathenaic Acid. It dissolves well in water. It is needed for energy and hormone production. Avocados, meats, whole grains, broccoli and yogurt are included for this vitamin.

Vitamin B7

Deficiency of this vitamin causes a disease called biotin. It is soluble in water. It acts as a structural protein in the hair and nails of your body. It enables the body to metabolize elements such as carbohydrates and proteins. Its deficiency causes swelling in the intestines. This vitamin is present in abundance in egg yolk, liver, broccoli, spinach and cheese etc.

Vitamin B12

Its chemical name is cyanocobalamin, hydroxocobalamin, methylcobalamin. It is soluble in water. It is essential for a healthy nervous system. Its low star can cause problems like neurological problems. This vitamin can be obtained in proper quantity from fish, meat, epilepsy, eggs, milk and other dairy products fortified products etc. People taking a vegetarian diet have a greater need for B12 supplements.

Vitamin C

Its chemical name is ascorbic acid. This vitamin is water soluble. It helps in bone formation and wound healing. It also strengthens the blood vessels. It also acts as an anti oxidant. Deficiency of vitamin C leads to bleeding gums, tooth decay and increased growth of bad tissue. It is plentiful in raw flo


vitamin D

Its chemical name is ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol. It is fat soluble. This happens for healthy mineralization of the body. Due to its deficiency, the bones become soft. Its deficiency also leads to osteomalacia.

Vitamin E

The chemical name of vitamin E is Tocopherol, Tocotrienol. This vitamin is fat soluble. The antioxidant agents present in it help in preventing oxidative stress. These foods supply vitamin E to the body

Vitamin K

Its chemical name is hydroquinone, menaquinone. It is completely soluble in fat. It is considered essential for blood clotting. Due to its deficiency, the development of bones is not known well. To avoid the deficiency of this vitamin, green leafy vegetables, pumpkin, figs and parsley should be consumed.


Vitamins are low molecule organic substances. The best source of getting vitamin D is the sun. Fish liver oil is also rich in vitamin D. vitamin E is an antioxidant agent. And its deficiency leads to reproductive failure. Groundnut oil and wheat oil are good sources of vitamin E. Soybean oil and spinach are very good sources to overcome the deficiency of vitamin K in our body. Vitamin C deficiency in the human body is less than fruits like lemon and orange.

Q. Are vitamins good for our body?

But only the proper amount of them in the body is beneficial. If there are more vitamins in the body than necessary, it also gives bad effect on our health.

Q. What are the sources of getting vitamins?

Following are the sources of getting Vitamins-

nuts Fish dairy products Egg

Q. Who discovered vitamins?

Vitamins were discovered in 1912 by a scientist named Casimir Funk.

Q, How many vitamins are recognized mainly?

Mainly 13 types of vitamins are recognized

Q. In which substances is vitamin A found?

Vitamin A is found in the following food items

Q. Why are they called vitamins?

In 1912, researcher Casimir Funk learned about vitamins.

Q. Is vitamin A also known by any other name?

G is also another name for vitamin A. It is also eaten with retinol. It is fat soluble.

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